Biodiversity Loss

  • Destruction of wildlife habitat
  • Conflicts between wildlife and human
  • Depletion of biodiversity


Biodiversity is much lower in oil palm plantations than in natural forests (Fairhurst, T. and D. McLaughlin, 2009; Cheng Hai Teoh, 2011)

The rise in production to meet this demand has increased pressure on the available farm land and cuase major concern over the effect of direct and indirect of land use changes. Key concerns are: deforestation, loss of biodiversity, increased greenhouse gas emissions and land right conflicts (Molenaar et al., 2010).


High Conservation Values (HCV)

High Conservation Value (HCV) is used to determine whether a particular piece of land should be conserved (WWF, 2007 in Fairhurst, T & D. McLaughin, 2009).



– World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
– Sawit Watch Indonesia
– Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS International)
– Sumatran Orangutan Society (SOS)